Depression can be called a modern illness, although its roots gone far into the past, when people marked symptoms of depression with various names - apathy, melancholy, lunatic and like.
Today depression is recognizable in psychiatric practice and the number of people who today suffer from this psychological disorder is significantly high.
As for the percentage of representation of depression between the sexes, women significantly excels compared to men, so depression can be marked as a woman's disease.
Why is depression more common in women?
Women are gender which is more exposed to the functioning of various internal and external factors. As the causes of depression are taken - genetic factors, hormonal imbalance, and social life.
Why genetic factor?
According to research conducted among persons who were in the treatment of depression, there is a strong correlation between the existences of depression among family members. Mostly it has been observed that if the mothers during their life were in the depressive stages, and their offspring have a good chance to go through the same thing.
Why to blame hormones for the occurrence of depression?
Hormones are in one word invisible but also they are very important for everything that happens in the female body. Hormones are the ones who dictate the growth, development, sexual cycle, pregnancy, menopause, and metabolism.
Consequently, the hormones can be a significant impact on the incidence of depression in women.
During the period of adolescence, young girls are subject to strong blows of hormones that dictate the pace of everyday life. Everything is exaggeratedly, even feelings. Sometimes due to the inability to fit the social, personal dissatisfaction, girls often fall into a depression. This may have serious consequences, which is why mothers should be careful, not to indulge a child clutches of depression.
During the period of growing up, it could come to unwanted pregnancies. Young girls unconscious of their body, benefits and obligations, are somewhat subject to the suggestions of society to remove the fetus. Such a situation can be very emotionally painful for a young person, which is why she is going through depressive phases.
• Reproductive age of women
During the reproductive age women enter the monthly cycle which is dictated by hormones. Women have two hormones, progesterone and estrogen, which outweighs their power by influencing the psyche of women.
Any changes that a woman experiences during the period of the so-called PMS are largely unconscious and directed by hormones - overeating, swelling, irritability, anger, mood changes, depression, unclear thinking and like. These symptoms are part of a reproductive age and are not considered to be serious and do not leave the consequences.
During pregnancy, women are subject to severe fluctuations in mood, which is also caused by hormones. Emotional and psychological phenomena in pregnant women are the most reserved in the first and last trimester of pregnancy.
In the first months, there is a fear of pregnancy, social acceptance, especially if pregnancy was unplanned. Therefore, women often fall into the state of apathy, thinking and depression.
In later months, women going through the fear of the proper development of babies, how will elapse childbirth, will be all right.
Again mention that these are only examples of hormone dependency in the emergence of depression. These conditions are quite normal for a woman and only a small percentage of women experience a serious problem related to depression.
After the long-awaited delivery, one fear has been resolved, and then comes another fear - postpartum depression.
This type of depression occurs or after childbirth or a few months of birth, is accompanied by symptoms such as loss of appetite, apathy, depressive phase, rejecting infant and suicidal intentions. These changes are hormonal origin and sometimes the postpartum depression can become a serious problem if not treated.
Menopause usually occurs between 40 and 55 years, with the gradual absent of menstruation. Natural thinning companion monthly cycle is to reduce the production of female sex hormones - estrogen and progesterone.
Changing hormone levels is often accompanied by unpleasant symptoms: heat hot flashes, sweating, depression, irritability, insomnia and a sense of fatigue. All this can result in the intensification of depressive conditions in menopause.